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Meaning / Definition of

Fall

Categories: Banking,

nouna sudden reduction or loss of value Examplesa fall in the exchange rate • a fall in the price of gold • a fall on the stock exchange • Profits showed a 10 per cent fall.verbto be reduced suddenly to a lower price or value ExamplesShares fell on the market today. • Gold shares fell 10 per cent or fell 45 cents on the stock exchange. • The price of gold fell for the second day running. • The pound fell against the euro.to happen or to take place ExampleThe public holiday falls on a Tuesday.Usagepayments which fall duepayments which are now due to be made"...market analysts described the falls in the second half of last week as a technical correction to the market" [Australian Financial Review]"...for the first time since mortgage rates began falling in March a financial institution has raised charges on homeowner loans" [Globe and Mail (Toronto)]"...interest rates were still falling as late as June, and underlying inflation remains below the government's target of 2.5 per cent" [financial times]

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Definition / Meaning of

Inflation-adjusted Principal

Categories: Bonds and Treasuries,

The net worth of a principal amount used to buy inflation-adjusted securities, taking into account any inflation that takes place till the maturity date. The new value of the principal is derived by multiplying the original principal amount by the inflation index ratio.P(adj) = P(ori) x ( CPI(cur) / CPI(ref) )Where, P(adj) = the net worth of the principal value after inflation adjustment; P(ori) = the original amount of principal used to buy the security ; CPI(ref) = the inflation level at the time the bond is first issued (usually taken from 3 months before the bond is issued) ; CPI(cur) = the inflation level at the current period of the bond maturityFor example, an investor buys a $2,000 Treasury inflation-adjusted bond in June. The CPI reference rate is taken from March's CPI (three months earlier), which is, for example, 100. Six months later, inflation has risen 1% and the current CPI is now 101. This will yield an inflation index ratio of 101/100, or 1.01. At the end of six months, the bond's adjusted principal is now worth $2,020, or 2,000 x 1.01.

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