Home > Glossary > Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act

Meaning / Definition of

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act

Categories: Credit and Debt, Banking,

GLB Act or GLBA. Legislation that, on one hand, allows great freedom to financial institutions in offering a full range of services and, on the other hand, imposes strict controls on how institutions share or disclose personal financial information. Signed into law in 1999 by President Clinton, GLBA repeals the key provisions of the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 and the bank holding company Act of 1956 that barred banks from securities trading and insurance business. In its corporate aspect, the act introduces two new organization types - the financial holding company and the financial subsidiary. Under these provisions, banks, insurance companies, securities trading companies, and other types of financial institutions can together exist as one consolidated corporate entity. In its consumer aspect, the GLBA authorizes the states and eight federal agencies to monitor all collectors and holders of personal financial information, and to enforce the financial privacy rule, safeguards rule, and 'pretexting' (obtaining personal information under false pretext) rule. These rules apply also to any entity that offers any type of financial product or service, including brokers, debt collectors, credit counselors, financial advisors, small lenders, and tax-return preparers. The GLBA gives consumers some control over how their financial information is used and disclosed (beyond the purpose for it was collected) via the opt-out provision that lets them choose the option of not divulging this information.

Featured term of the day

Definition / Meaning of

Stockholm Syndrome

Categories: Business and Management,

The effect in which hostage victims form emotional attachment or fondness towards their captors. The Syndrome is named after the 1973 'Norrmalmstorg Robbery' - an armed raid on Kreditbanken at Norrmalmstorg in Stockholm, Sweden. The bank's employees were held hostage from 23-28 August, during which time some of the victims became emotionally attached to their captors, even defending them after being freed. The term Stockholm Syndrome was first used by criminologist/psychiatrist Nils Bejerot, when assisting police during the siege, referring to the Syndrome in a news broadcast. It was defined in more detail by psychiatrist Frank Ochberg to aid the management of hostage situations. While Stockholm Syndrome chiefly and originally refers to hostage situations the term extends to other forms of 'traumatic bonding', not necessarily dependent on a hostage situation, more broadly describing the somewhat counter-intuitive tendency among certain folk for strong emotional connections to develop within an abusive relationship. At a slightly milder but nevertheless still very worrying level we see the same principle extending to abusive employment situations and other 'working' relationships, where badly-treated and exploited workers can develop strangely positive feelings towards abusive bosses/employers. Whether driven by fear, dependence, gratitude (for limiting the level of abuse), survival impulse, or various other possible factors, the Stockholm Syndrome remains puzzling and paradoxical at any level, and yet a very real human tendency in certain situations.

Most popular terms

1. Risk Manager
2. Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Of 1990
3. Option Backdating
4. Floating Excess Policy
5. Money Supply
6. Floating Rate
7. Lump-sum Distribution
8. Covenant Not To Sue
9. Stowers Doctrine
10. No-load Mutual Fund

Search a term

Keyword:

Browse by alphabet

ABCDEFG
HIJKLMN
OPQRSTU
VWXYZ#

Browse by category

Accounting
Banking
Bankruptcy Assistance
Bonds and Treasuries
Brokerages
Business and Management
Compliance and Governance
Credit and Debt
E-commerce
Economics
Estate Planning
Forex
Fraud
Fundamental Analysis
Futures
Global
Insurance
International Trade
Investing and Trading
Ipos
Legal
Loan and Mortgage
Mergers and Acquisitions
Mutual Funds
Operation and Production
Options
Patent
Personnel Management
Real Estate
Retirement and Pension
Statistics and Risk Management
Stocks
Strategies
Tax
Technical Analysis
Venture Capital