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Meaning / Definition of

Inflation-protected Security (TIPS)

Categories: Finance,

us treasury inflation-protected securities (TIPS) adust the principal twice a year to reflect inflation or deflation measured by the consumer price index (CPI). The interest rate is fixed and is paid twice a year on the adjusted principal. So if your principal is larger because of inflation you earn more interest. If it's lower because of deflation, you earn less.You can buy TIPS with terms of 5, 10, or 20 year at issue using a TreasuryDirect account or in the secondary market. At maturity you receive either the adjusted principal or par value, whichever is greater. You owe federal income tax on the interest you earn and on inflation adjustments in each year they're added even though you don't receive the increases until the security matures. However, TIPS earnings are exempt from state and local income taxes.These securities provide a safeguard against deflation as well as against inflation since they guarantee that you'll get back no less than par, or face value, at maturity.

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Definition / Meaning of

Broad-base Index

Categories: Stocks,

An index whose purpose is to reveal the performance of the entire market, such as the s&p 500, Wilshire 5000, AMEX Major market index or value line composite index. Different broad-base indices have different approaches to ensuring that the index captures the entire breadth of market activity. The Wilshire 5000 takes the most all-inclusive approach by including all the stocks listed on the new york stock exchange and almost all the stocks listed on the NASDAQ and american stock exchange. The s&p 500 includes 500 companies that are together considered a good indicator for the US stock market, based on the industries the companies operate in, their positions within the industry, and their market capitalizations. The s&p 500 is a market-weighted index, so only 10% if its components make up about 75% of its value. The value line composite index takes an in between approach by tracking 1700 issues. The Value Line Composite is thought to be a better indicator of speculative stocks than of more stable stocks.

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