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Meaning / Definition of

Standard & Poor's Depositary Receipt (SPDR)

Categories: Finance,

When you buy SPDRs - pronounced spiders - you're buying shares in a unit investment trust (UIT) that owns a portfolio of stocks included in Standard & Poor's 500-stock index (s&p 500). a share is priced at about 1/10 the value of the s&p 500.Like an index mutual fund that tracks the s&p 500, SPDRs provide a way to diversify your investment portfolio without having to own shares in all the s&p 500 companies yourself. However, while the net asset value (NAV) of an index fund is set only once a day, at the end of trading, the price of SPDRs, which are listed on the american stock exchange (AMEX), changes throughout the day, reflecting the constant changes in the index. SPDRs, which are part of a category of investments known as exchange traded funds, can be sold short or bought on margin as stocks can.Each quarter you receive a distribution based on the dividends paid on the stocks in the underlying portfolio, after trust expenses are deducted. If you choose, you can reinvest those distributions to buy additional shares.

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Definition / Meaning of

Consensus Recommendation

Categories: Stocks,

A consensus recommendation for an individual stock compiles ratings from a number of analysts who track that stock. The recommendation is expressed as either the mean or median of the separate recommendations. Calculating the consensus is a multi-step process that involves grouping the terms that analysts use to recommend buying, selling, or holding, generally into three or five categories, assigning a scale, and computing the result either by averaging the numbers for the mean or identifying the median, which is the point at which half the views are higher and half are lower.A consensus recommendation provides a snapshot of current thinking about a stock, so it can serve as a benchmark against which you can compare a single analyst's opinion to gauge how mainstream it is. But like any statistical mean or median, a consensus recommendation can distort strong differences at either end of the scale. Further, if the report accompanying the consensus view doesn't point out significant differences in the viewpoints of the various analysts it includes, you won't be able to tell where the most respected analysts stand on the stock.In addition, you should be aware that the consensus recommendation for any given stock might differ from one research company to the next. This is because the mathematical formula that assigns weights to the individual recommendations will vary, based in part on how many levels of differentiation the research company uses and how it interprets the words that analysts use to express their opinions.

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